Emotion-Focused Mindfulness Meditation

Photo by Bill Gayner

This style of meditation emphasizes cultivating a gentle, participatory curiosity toward all the processes that weave consciousness and deepen experiencing, including bodily sensations and other senses, feelings, thinking, imagery, and needs. You are welcome to plan, remember and reflect on your experience.

You may start by simply opening into your experience, perhaps initially taking some time to settle into your body, or by focusing attention on something such as the breath, the contours of pressure of your body sitting on whatever you are sitting on, or the sounds of the HVAC system in the room you are in. If you do focus your attention somewhere, you do not have to try to hold your attention there. If your attention is drawn somewhere else, you could go with that and allow yourself to develop a deeper sense of what is happening.

We tend to alternate between being up in our heads preoccupied with propositional meanings and disconnected from feelings or too immersed in and buffeted or driven by difficult emotions. Mindfulness enables us to deepen experiencing by coming alive to our implicit feelings about whatever is happening and reflecting on them in a more spacious, friendly way.

It can be helpful to remember to be self-compassionate. Kristin Neff has developed a robust self-compassion scale. She says there are three key dimensions to self-compassion: kindness, common humanity and mindfulness.

Say you are having a difficult day or have made a mistake, it can feel like just the thing to do to beat yourself up, but this only fogs up your mind and makes it difficult to empathize with yourself or others. The first dimension involves cultivating kindness toward yourself.

When we are beating ourselves up, we can feel so alone with whatever we are struggling with. The second dimension, common humanity, involves remembering that whatever you are struggling with, many, many other people struggle with it as well, and this is part of our shared ground with other people, our existential limitations and imperfections. The more we can let ourselves in on this, the more we can let our family, friends, colleagues and the people we serve in on it as well, and things get a little easier.

The third factor is mindfulness. Beating ourselves up is an attempt to suppress feelings of vulnerability and push forward. Mindfulness involves taking a moment and softening into ourselves with kindness and cultivating a deeper sense of what is happening in our body, feelings, and thoughts.

Many people believe that if they are struggling in meditation they must be doing it wrong, but suffering in meditation provides an opportunity to deepen self-empathy and transform our relationship with difficult experience.

If it starts to feel overwhelming, then it is skillful to calm down. Nothing works perfectly all the time, but bringing something pleasant or neutral into the forefront of your awareness and letting everything else fall to the background tends to be calming. This could be your body breathing, the pressure of your body on the chair and the floor, or imagining you are with someone who cares about you, or that you are in a favourite place. If your attention wanders somewhere else, you can acknowledge where it has gone and then gently bring it back to your chosen focus. Once you feel more calm, you can decide if you would like to continue with that calming practice or open into wider experiencing again.

Dissociating is another way of feeling overwhelmed, but instead of emotional arousal it involves shutting down. This can feel numb, unreal, spacey, or as if you were out of your body. Instead of emphasizing calming, it will likely be more helpful if you stimulate your senses. You could open your eyes and taking in the colours and the forms around you. If you are alone, you could slap your legs gently to stimulate them, if you are meditating with others, you could massage your legs silently. You could wiggle your toes and feet and your body in your chair, feel the chair and the ground supporting you, and invite yourself back down into your body. Once you feel grounded and in your body, you might try some calming meditation before opening it up again if you like.

You can meditate by sitting on a chair or meditation cushion and mat, by lying on a mat or a bed, or you could try astronauts’ pose, by lying on a mat and putting your legs and feet up on a chair. Find a posture you can settle into for a while. If it becomes uncomfortable, feel free to shift your posture quietly or even stand up for a while if you like.

It is recommended that you close your eyes or half close them and allow them to unfocus to help you shift your attention inwards.

In EFMT, we meditate in silence, varying from twenty to thirty-five minutes in the clinical groups and up to forty or forty-five minutes in the monthly clinical continuation groups or on residential retreats.

With the exception of brief, guided meditations for calming or grounding, the [emotion-focused therapy] principles of freedom, pluralism and self-determination are honored by silent meditation in which people are not subjected to the subtle, unintended coercion of the therapist guiding meditation, as well as by permission to do any form of meditation they wish, with an invitation to loosen up around the meditation instructions they are following.

Gayner, 2019, page 13

There is a deep implicit gentleness in letting people follow where their attention goes, rather than having them follow someone else’s guidance who has no way of knowing what they are feeling and thinking in meditation. Everybody goes in a different direction.

After the meditation, we journal what we recall happened during the meditation and how things are continuing to unfold. In workshops and clinical groups, we take ten minutes for this. Many of us enjoy taking longer to journal at home.

Journaling is not intended as a test of your memory, rather, it is a way of deepening intimacy with your experience. Perhaps all you remember is what you were thinking when the bell rang, that’s fine, jot that down. Perhaps you can recall how you were feeling then and so you describe that with as much richness as you can. Then you might remember something you were thinking about earlier in the meditation and jot that down.

In the clinical groups and the professional mentoring groups, after journaling, each person takes a turn and describes their meditation experience. EFMT therapists listen to the whole description of their meditation and then empathically explore with them, helping them cultivate gentleness and curiosity and deepen experiencing.

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    1. Hi Jonathan,

      My apologies for taking so long to respond. I need to get more active with my own website again!

      Meditation can be a way of exploring and deepening our experiencing of life. It can be a way for each of us to discover a fresh path through life and to come even more alive. It can be a way of opening to the body, feelings and world that feels grounded, spacious, earthy and friendly towards self, others and the world. It can be a way of learning how to be with suffering in ourself and others, learning to turn toward it, say hello to it and resonate with it, so that compassion arises and we are better able to take in all that is being implied and to be transformed by this. It is also a way of appreciating (experiencing, valuing and understanding) life and adaptive, helpful emotions and the felt sense that is always more than any of our theories, so that we are able to explore new ways of experiencing self, others and world, the reified separations between them softening, and being transformed by this as well. It is also a way of contemplating what supports us in our path, what has worked and what has not, so that our understanding of our path transforms as we transform. My heart wants to say it is also a way of being welcomed home. A lovely part of meditation is sharing this path with others.

      I wonder how I would answer this tomorrow. What would you say meditation is for you?

      Warm regards,


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